an American philosophic thinker and poet, of English Puritan descent, born at Boston, where he started in life as a Unitarian preacher and pastor, an office he resigned in 1832 for literature, in which he found he would have freer and fuller scope to carry out his purpose as a spiritual teacher; in 1833 he paid a visit to England, and in particular a notable one to CRAIGENPUTTOCK (q.v.), with the inmates of which he formed a lifelong friendship; on his return the year after, he married, a second time as it happened, and, settling down in Concord, began his career as a lecturer and man of letters; by his "Essays," of which he published two series, one in 1841 and a second in 1844, he commended himself to the regard of all thinking men in both hemispheres, and began to exercise an influence for good on all the ingenuous youth of the generation; they were recognised by Carlyle, and commended as "the voice of a man"; these embraced subjects one and all of spiritual interest, and revealed transcendent intellectual power; they were followed by "Representative Men," lectures delivered in Manchester on a second visit to England in 1847, and thereafter, at successive periods, by "Society and Solitude," "English Traits," "The Conduct of Life," "Letters and Social Aims," besides a long array of poems, as well as sundry remarkable Addresses and Lectures, which he published; he was a man of exceptional endowment and great speculative power, and is to this day the acknowledged head of the literary men of America; speculatively, Carlyle and he were of the same school, but while Carlyle had "descended" from the first "into the angry, noisy Forum with an argument that could not but exasperate and divide," he continued pretty much all his days engaged in little more than in a quiet survey and criticism of the strife; Carlyle tried hard to persuade him to "descend," but it would appear Emerson never to his dying day understood what Carlyle meant by the appeal, an appeal to take the devil by the throat and cease to merely speculate and dream (1803-1882).

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

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  • Emerson, Ralph Waldo — born May 25, 1803, Boston, Mass., U.S. died April 27, 1882, Concord U.S. poet, essayist, and lecturer. Emerson graduated from Harvard University and was ordained a Unitarian minister in 1829. His questioning of traditional doctrine led him to… …   Universalium

  • Emerson, Ralph Waldo — (1803–82)    Philosopher and Sect Founder.    Emerson was educated at Harvard University in the United States of America. Ordained into the Congregationalist ministry, he served for a time as a pastor in Boston. In 1832 he resigned his position… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Emerson, Ralph Waldo — ► (1803 82) Poeta estadounidense. Está considerado como el más eminente representante del transcendentalismo. Autor de Ensayos, Naturaleza y Hombres representativos. * * * (25 may. 1803, Boston, Mass., EE.UU.–27 abr. 1882, Concord). Poeta,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Emerson,Ralph Waldo — Em·er·son (ĕmʹər sən), Ralph Waldo. 1803 1882. American writer, philosopher, and central figure of American transcendentalism. His poems, orations, and especially his essays, such as Nature (1836), are regarded as landmarks in the development of… …   Universalium

  • Emerson, Ralph Waldo — (1803–1882) The son of a Unitarian clergyman, Emerson was born in Boston, and educated at Harvard. Although he studied philosophy extensively, he was not a critical or systematic thinker, but rather a channel for many religious, literary, and… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Emerson, Ralph Waldo — (1803 1882)    Philosopher, was b. at Boston, Massachusetts. His f. was a minister there, who had become a Unitarian, and who d. in 1811, leaving a widow with six children, of whom Ralph, then aged 8, was the second. Mrs. E. was, however, a woman …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

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  • EMERSON, Ralph Waldo — (1803 1882)    American essayist and leader of the TRANSCENDENTALIST movement. He was minister of the UNITARIAN SECOND CHURCH of Boston (1829 1832) but resigned over THEOLOGICAL issues to become an independent lecturer and writer. His PHILOSOPHY… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Emerson, Ralph Waldo —    см. Эмерсон, Ралф Уолдо …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

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